photo provided by Annapolis Collections Gallery
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      Keyboard Shortcuts

I compiled this from several sources and made some changes. Comments welcome.

CTRL and A Selects all the items in the active window.
CTRL and C Copies the item or items to the Clipboard and can be pasted using CTRL and V.

SELECT text using cursor then grab with the left click and drag it wherever you want
CTRL and F Displays the Find all files dialog box.
CTRL and G Displays the Go to folder dialog box.
CTRL and N Displays the New dialog box.
CTRL and O Displays the Open dialog box.
CTRL and P Displays the Print dialog box.
CTRL and S Displays the Save dialog box.
CTRL and V Pastes the copied item or items from the Clipboard.
CTRL and X Cuts the item or items selected to the Clipboard.
CTRL and Z Undoes the last action.
CTRL and F4 Closes the active document window.
CTRL+SHIFT with arrow keys Highlight a block of text

CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
CTRL and F6 Opens the next document window in the active application.
ALT+ENTER View the properties for the selected item
ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
ALT+SPACEBAR Open the shortcut menu for the active window
ALT+TAB Switch between the open items
ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened
F1 key Gives help on the active window or selected item.
F2 key Rename the selected item
F3 key Search for a file or a folder
F4 key Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
F5 key Update the active window
F6 key Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F10 key Activate the menu bar in the active program
F11 = Full screen the web browser window (Super-maximize in Firefox)
Windows Key (wavy window between CTRL and ALT usually) Display or hide the Start menu
Windows Logo+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows Logo+D Display the desktop
Windows Logo+M Minimize all of the windows
Windows Logo+SHIFT+M Restore the minimized windows
Windows Logo+E Open My Computer
Windows Logo+F Search for a file or a folder
CTRL+Windows Logo+F Search for computers
Windows Logo+F1 Display Windows Help
Windows Logo+ L Lock the keyboard
Windows Logo+R Open the Run dialog box
Windows Logo+U Open Utility Manager
TAB Move forward through the options
SHIFT+TAB Move backward through the options

CTRL+TAB Move forward through the tabs
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB Move backward through the tabs
ALT+Underlined letter Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option
ENTER Perform the command for the active option or button
SPACEBAR Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
F1 key Display Help
F4 key Display the items in the active list
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
BACKSPACE Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
END Display the bottom of the active window
HOME Display the top of the active window
NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder
NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) Display the contents of the selected folder
NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) Collapse the selected folder
LEFT ARROW Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder
RIGHT ARROW Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder

Escape means ‘Cancel’, for example:

  • ESC = Cancel current modal dialog box
  • ESC = Close open text edit and discard any changes to text in the edit
  • ESC = Stop loading current web page


  • Shift+click = Extend selection of items, or extend selection of text in an open text edit (note: does not work on the desktop, only in folders or text edits)
  • Ctrl+click = Discontiguous selection of items
  • Ctrl+Shift+Click = Discontiguously extend selection of items (note: does not work on the desktop or text edits, only in folders)
  • Double-click in a text edit = select a ‘word’
  • Shift+End = Extend selection of text to end of line from cursor in text edit
  • Shift+End = Extend selection of items from item with focus to last item
  • Shift+Home = Extend selection of text to start of line from cursor in text edit
  • Shift+Home = Extend selection of items from item with focus to first item

Ctrl+A, then F2 = Rename all the items in a folder

Ctrl+D = Delete selected item(s) on Windows desktop or from folder

Ctrl+W = Close Document (does not work everywhere)

The following work in most document-oriented applications, such as the Office apps, et al:

  • Ctrl+B = Bold the selected text or cell
  • Ctrl+I = Italicize the selected text or cell
  • Ctrl+U = Underline the selected text or cell
  • Ctrl+D = Duplicate selected object(s)
  • Ctrl+Y = Redo

The following work on Vista and possibly other versions of Windows to rotate the screen:

  • Ctrl-Alt-Up: -180 degrees (complementary with Ctrl-Alt-Down)
  • Ctrl-Alt-Right: 90 degrees (complementary with Ctrl-Alt-Left)
  • Ctrl-Alt-Down: +180 degrees (complementary with Ctrl-Alt-Up)
  • Ctrl-Alt-Left: 270 degree (complementary with Ctrl-Alt-Right)